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Introduction and review Dialogue 10

This is about how we use different forms of the past simple. These are question forms of the past simple and negative forms

To ask a question we will use words like. - - when, what, why, where, how,

With the simple past we use these question word with the past tense of the verb...to do.

-or the verb...-to be.

 

Why did you take it?

Where did you go?

How did you know?

Why was it noisy?

 

Questions can also be-

 

Did you take.....?

Did you go.....?

Was it noisy?

 

The negative form is also used several times in the following dialogue. This is formed by adding - not - to did or was. Adding it in the shortened form -  Wasn't it, weren't you or didn't it, didn't you. If you are replying in the negative form  it will be - I wasn't, we weren't, I didn't, We didn't.

Listen out for examples in the following dialogue which mentions, castles, camping and wine!

Dialogue 10

G. Did you find any shops in the Lake District?

C. I didn't find any shops in the hills so I didn't go shopping which was a pity!

G. But did you find any castles or big buildings in the hills.

C. They're weren't any castles on top of the hills but they're were lots of stone walls to sit next to.

G. If it's windy or raining a stone wall is a good place to find shelter. How far did you walk each day?

C. I don't know exactly but maybe 8 miles. I used a Fitbit which is like a watch and it tells me how many steps I do each day. I wore it every day. It told me how many steps I walked and told me how much I climbed.

G. But didn't your knee hurt?

C. No it didn't really. I strapped it up and was very careful

G. Did you take Scarlet with you?

C. No.  I didn't because she couldn't walk that far. She gets tired quickly and then asks to be carried. She really liked small walks and looking at sheep and wild flowers.

G. Did she stay with you in your wooden lodge?

C. No she didn't. She camped in a big tent with her parents. The weather was lovely so it was good fun.

G. Was it quiet at night.

C. No it wasn't because there were two tents nearby and in both tents people snored loudly most of the night! Fortunately the people in those tents packed up the second day and left. Then it was quiet.

G. Have you ever camped?

C. I camped all the time when I was younger. It was cheap and you could stay in lovely places. I camped in France when the children were young. We ate outside, drank wine, and swam in the lake.

G. Children aren't allowed to drink!

C. No  - you drank most of the wine and then you went to sleep under a tree snoring loudly.

G. I'm sorry. I was tired and it was warm.

C. You were drunk!

Review of Dialogue 10

You know from Dialogue 9 that to form the past simple in a regular verb you add. - ed - to the verb. Played, walked, climbed.

But if you are asking a question - the verb - to do - is used in the past tense plus infinitive.

Examples are - Did you find?  -or. Did you stay?

You can also use the verb - to be - in its past simple form - was, were.  The sentence structure will be finished with an adverb or a noun

Was it quiet? Was it noisy? Were you tired? Were there any shops?

To form the negative you add not in its shortened form n't to the sentence. No there weren't any shops in the Lake District. In the dialogue I use did so the response is  - - I didn't find.....

 

Note the word. - really - is used several times. A very common word in the English language.  I asked whether Clare's knee hurts and she says it didn't really. That means it ached a little from time to time bit it wasn't too bad. Really is also used to emphasise something - Scarlet really liked small walks. You could also say it's really sunny to mean it's very sunny.

I used the verb to be when I asked the question  - Was it quiet at night?  The response here was- It wasn't .....

Fortunately there's no shopping in this dialogue but there is a bit of wine!